牛津初中英语7B Unit1知识点归纳

来源:南昌家教网 日期:2014-10-24


1.live in a palace  住在宫殿里

2.next to / beside a restaurant 在饭馆隔壁

3.the biggest one  最大的一个

4.would like to do sth = want to do sth 想要做某事

5. the capital of France? 法国的首都  French 法语  Frenchman 法国人-Frenchmen(复数)

  Germany 德国-German德国人-Germans (复数)

6.look out at the beach and the sea 看外面的海滩和海 look out of the window  朝窗外看

7.see the sea and the beach from the bedroom windows 从卧室窗户看大海和海滩

8.on the beach / balcony 在海滩上/阳台上  love to sit on the floor 喜欢坐在地板上

9.live with my family in a wooden house 和我的家人住在一个木头的房子里

 wooden (adj)木头的、木制的-----wood (n)不可数  木头

10.live in a small town 住在一个小城镇里

11.over a river 在河面上  over表示垂直的上方 above 表示水平的上方

12.the second child of my family 家中的第二个孩子

13.be beautiful and quiet 美丽又安静  quiet (adj)安静的---quite (adv)很、十分

14.It rains a lot 天经常下雨 = There is much rain

15.in a small town near London 在伦敦附近的小镇里

16.in the centre of Moscow  在莫斯科中心

17.on the fifth of June = on June 5th = on 5th ,June 在6月5日

18.in a  flat 在公寓里   on a busy street 在繁忙的街道上

19.share sth with sb 与某人分享/合用某物 

20.be busy with sth = be busy doing sth 忙于(做)某事

21.be friendly / nice / kind to sb 对某人友好

22.sleep in the garden  睡在花园里

23.the best place to grow flowers 种花的最好地方

24.cook meals = make dinner = do some cooking 做 / 烧饭

25.in most homes 在大多数家庭  tell sb about sth 告诉某人有关某事

26.on the ninth floor 在第9层 ( On which floor does he live? )

27.chat with friends on the balcony 和朋友在阳台上聊天

28.on a quiet street 在一条安静的街道上

29.sit between you and me 坐在我和你之间   on / over the phone = by phone 通过电话

30.two hundred students    200名学生

   hundreds of students    数百名学生  

  Two hundred of the students are from America 学生中有200名来自美国

31.arrive on Sunday 在星期天到达  ( arrive at / on;  reach;  get to)

32.can't wait to do sth 迫不及待的做某事 (can't help doing 情不自禁做某事)

33.have a free day  休息/休假一天  ( have three days off 放三天假)

34.be tired after the long plane journey from London to Beijing (tired不要误写成tried)


35.Don't worry 别担心  worry about sb/sth 为……而担心  be worried about... (形容词)

36.sound great /good 听起来很棒 (sound, feel, look, taste等为连系动词,后接形容词)

37.come first = win the first prize (in an English exam)得第一名

38.make a video of 拍……的录像  watch the video 看录像

39.be different from …… 与……不同    be the same as ……  与……相同

  There are many differences between the USA and the UK  (difference 可数名词 区别)

 =The USA is different from the UK   (different  adj 不同的 )

40.your own bedroom 你自己的卧室      owner (n)主人  own (adj)自己的

41.call sb (up)打电话给某人  call sb back  给某人回电话 answer the telephone接电话

42.homes in different countries  不同国家的家     be free = have time 有空

43. take a message for sb 为某人捎个可信

44.at least 至少  at most 至多  at last 最后,终于 at the same time 同时

45.fifty metres long  50米长 an 800-metre-long river

46.have a room with twelve showers and four baths 有一间有12个淋浴器和4个浴缸的房间

47.have / take a shower  淋浴             have/take a bath  洗澡

48.on the bedside table 在床头柜上   coffee table 矮茶几

49.live two floors above / below sb 住在某人上面/下面两层

50.the Great Wall 长城        the Summer Palace 颐和园

51.the Space Museum 太空博物馆   the Palace Museum  故宫


1.Would you like to live in a palace ?     你想住在宫殿里吗?

2.The capital of France is Paris  法国的首都是巴黎

3.My favourite place is the balcony   我最喜欢的地方是阳台

4.We love to sit on the floor and look out at the beach and sea   我们喜欢坐在地板上看外面的海滩和大海

5.My house is over a river  我家房子在河上  There is a bridge over the river  河上有座桥

6.I climb a ladder to get into my house 我爬梯子进入我的房间

 =I get into my house with a ladder = I use a ladder to get into my house

7.I am the second child of my family   我是家中第二个孩子

8.My family and I often sit in the kitchen while my mother makes dinner  当妈妈做饭时,我和家人坐在厨房里

9.I have a dog .Its birthday is on the fifth of June 我有一只狗它的生日在6月5日

10.I live with my family in a flat on a busy street    我和家人一起住在一条繁忙街道的一间公寓里 

=My family and I live in a flat on a busy street

11.I share a bedroom with my sister   我和姐姐共享一个卧室

  =My sister and I share a bedroom = My sister and I live in the same bedroom

12.Our neighbours are friendly /kind / nice to us 我们的邻居对我们很友好

13.The garden is the best place to grow flowers 花园是种花的最好地方

14.In most homes , people cook meals in the kitchen 在大部分家庭,人们在厨房烧饭

15.The window is opposite the door          窗户在门的对过

16.I am arriving in Shanghai on Sunday         我将在周六到达上海

  =I will arrive in Shanghai on Sunday = I will get to Shanghai on Sunday

  =I will reach Shanghai on Sunday

  arrive in + 大地点   arrive at + 小地点  当后接地点副词here,there ,home时要省略介词

  get home 到家(也要省略介词to)  当后无到达地点时,只用arrive 而不用reach或get

  When will they arrive tomorrow ? 他们明天什么时候到达?

17.I can't wait to visit the Space Museum   我迫不及待参观太空博物馆

18.I think you would be tired after the long plane journey from London to Beijing


19.I 'd like to take you to the Great Wall on Tuesday , the nineteenth of February


20.Your house is really different from the flats in Beijing 你的房子真的不同于北京公寓

21.I would like my own bedroom  我想有一间我自己的卧室

22.I 'll call you when I am free  当我有空时,我将打电话给你

23.What kind of home do you live in ? 你住在什么样的家里?

24.There are no other rooms on the second floor 三楼没有其他的房间了

   other 和some,any,many,no等限定词连用时,常放在它们的后面

   Ask some other students   问问别的同学们吧

25.Many friends can stay with me at the same time  许多朋友可以和我同时呆在一起

26.I have a room with (= which has )twelve showers and four baths  我有一间有12个淋浴器和4个浴缸的房间

27.May I speak to Daniel,please ?  我可以和Daniel通话吗?

   This is Daniel (speaking),.Who's calling,please? 我就是,你是谁?

   This is Simon                我是Simon

28.It's + adj + (for sb) + to do sth       做某事对某人来说是……的

   It's nice to sit in it and watch TV     坐在里面看电视是很好的

29.It's my first time to come to Beijing   这是我第一次来北京

   序数词前一般要用定冠词,但是当序数词前有my,his her等形容词性物主代词或this,that等指示代词,则不用再加the.


(1)Wooden adj.木制的,木头的(名词形式:wood木头,木材,木料)

eg.A wooden chair  一把木制的椅子        This chair is made of wood. 这把椅于是木头做成的。

(2)above,over,below prep. 在……上(下)面

    above指水平位置上高于,与below相对;    over指垂直的上方,与under相对。

eg.There is a clock above the map. 地图上面有一个钟。

    There is a new bridge over the river. 河上有一座新桥。

    Please sign your name below the line. 请在这条线的下面签字。


①vi. 下雨   eg.Rain a lot  下大雨    ②n. 雨  eg.A lot Of rain  大量的雨水

(4)share  vt.合用,分享,常用以下两种结构:

    ①share sth.with/among/between sb. 与某人共同使用某物

    ②share in sth.with/among/between sb. 与某人分享(感情、利害等)

    eg.We share the toilet with my uncle.  我们与叔叔合用一个洗手间。

       We should share in our sorrows as well as joys. 我们应该分担忧愁,分享快乐。(我们应该同甘共苦。)

(5)friendly adj.  友好的(名词形式:friend朋友)

    be friendly with/to sb.对某人很友好。

(6)lie vi. 躺下(-ing形式为1ying)      另一个词义为“撒谎”。

    eg.Stephen is lying On his bunk bed.    史蒡芬正躺在他的双层床铺上。

(7)arrive vi.  到达,后面加in+大地点,或加at+小地点。

    同义词为:get … to,reach…


        We arrive at school at six every day.        We get to school at six every day.



    eg.It sounds nice  听起来真好。



(1)would like sth/to do sth.  想吃(或喝)什么;想(要)做某事

   would like不表示“喜欢……”,而表示“想要……”

(2)next to  与……紧邻的,在……隔壁

(3)the biggest one  最大的那个

(4)the capital of …   ……的首都

(5)look out  向外看    look out of the window   向窗外看

    比较:look at   看             look around   环顾四周         look for   寻找

    look for ward to   盼望,期盼        look like   看起来像

(6)get into进入/把……放人……中/坐进(轿车、出租车等)

(7)share ...with...  与……合用/共享……

(8)on the seventh of June   在六月七日    具体的日期前用on,注意用序数词。

(9)the Great Wall   长城    the Summer Place   颐和园        the Place Museum   故宫

(10)arrive in/at  到达   =  get to/reach

(11)can't wait to do  迫不及待地做某事

(12)have a free day   休息一天

(13)where else   其它哪些地方


(14)sound great   听起来很棒    sound为连系动词,后接adj.或n.作表语

(15)be different from   和……不一样,和……有差异

(16)take a message   传话,留口信

(17)call you back   给你回电话

(18)at least至少(反义词组at most最多)    比较:at last   最后,最终

(19)the ground floor  (英)一楼        the first floor  (美)一楼

(20)at the same time   同时


(1)Would you like to live in a palace,Eddie?   爱迪,你想住在宫殿里吗?(page2)

▲would like的意思是“想”,“要”,“想吃(或喝)”,后接不定式或名词。

    eg.Would you like to go to Beijing with me?    你想和我一起去北京吗?

        Would you like some coffee?   你要不要来点咖啡?

(2)I'd like to live next to a restaurant.    我想住在餐馆附近。(page 2)

    ▲I'd like  =  I would like   我想要……(语气比较委婉)

    eg.I'd like to ask you some questions.   我想问你一些问题。

(3)My family and I often sit in the kitchen while my mother makes dinner.(page 5)



    eg.The students were talking while the teacher came in. 当老师进来的时候,学生们正在说话。

(4)Who's calling?   你是谁?(pagel5)

    ▲用英语打电话时,询问对方是谁,不用Who are you?而常用Who's that? 或Who's calling?

(5)This means that lots of people can stay with me.

    这意味着可以有许多人和我呆在一起。(page 8)


    eg. This means a lot of people can have a shower or a bath at the same time.

    这就意味着许多人可以同时淋浴或泡澡。(page 18)

(6)There is a swimming pool which is 50 metres long.    有一个50米长的游泳池。(page 18)

    ▲这里的which is 50 metres long是一个限制性定语从句,修饰前面的swimming pool.

(7)I have a room with twelve showers and four baths.  我有一间有12个淋浴器和4个浴缸的屋子。(page 18)


    eg.I live with my family in a wooden house.   我和我的家人住在一间木屋里。(page 4)

        We write with the pens.  我们用笔写字。


    A.方位介词(Prepositions of place)



    There's a bridge over the river.  河上有座桥。

Shall 1 write my answer below or above the line?


    There are some apples on the table.  桌上有些苹果。


    The inside of this orange is rotten.这个橙子里面腐烂了。

    When shall we meet outside the school gate?    我们什么时间在校门外见面?

    ▲in front of,behind:in front of是在……之前,在……面前(表示有一定距离的前面,也可理解在物体范围外的前面),它的反义词是behind.如:

    There's a park in front of the house.    在那房子的前面有一个公园。

    Who sits behind you?   谁坐在你后面?


    I think they are staying at Jingling Hotel.  我想他们正呆在金陵饭店。

    When did your father arrive in Shanghai?    你爸爸什么时间到达上海的?


    Li Lei sits between Daniel and Amy.    李雷坐在丹尼尔和埃米中间。

    Look!  The teacher is standing among her students.    看!老师正站在她的学生中间。

    ▲beside,next to:beside指在……旁边,在……附近,可以和next to换用。如:

    Come and sit beside/next to me.  过来坐我的旁边。

    The pretty girl stood beside/next to the window.那个可爱的女孩站在窗户旁边。


    The waitress stood opposite me.  那服务员站在我对面。

    B.基数词(Cardinal numbers)和序数词(Ordinal numbers)



    ▲21至99的两位数:十位数与个位数之间加连字符。如:22 = twenty-two 78 = seventy-eight


    101 = one hundred(and)one         999 = nine hundred(and)nine


    1,401 = one thousand,four hundred and one


    101,203,001 = one hundred and one million,two hundred and three thousand and one.

    ▲表示十亿,美国用one billion,英国用one thousand million.



    ▲用于表示不定数目。如: hundreds of (数百的)       thousands of (数千的)    millions of (数百万的)


    He doesn't look like an old man in his eighties.    他看上去不像80来岁的老人。

    ▲其他习惯用法。如:in two sand threes   三三两两的






    five-fifth    eight-eighth    nine-ninth    twelve-twelfth


    第二十一   twenty-first,缩写为21st

    第九十三   ninety-third,缩写为93rd


    第一百零一  one hundred and first,缩写为101st

    第一百二十三  one hundred and twenty-third,缩写为123rd



    He won the first prize.   他赢得了第一名。


    This is my second chance to go abroad.    这是我第二次出国的机会。


When did you first go to America?    你第一次去美国是什么时候?